Koopera is a Social Network of Cooperatives and not-for-profit companies. The network emerged in 2008 in Bilbao as a social cooperative of public utility, although most of the associations and cooperatives that compose the network have been active since the 1990s. The network’s objective is to address the employability and social reintegration of at-risk people through activities focused on the provision of environmental services, reuse and recycling, sustainable consumption, and training programs, among others. The network’s operational framework has ledto an interconnected chain of activities that has transformed Koopera into a circular economic model, where each activity is dependant and influences the next.

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